Xmera / Dugdale Correspondence / Correspondents / Elias Ashmole

William Dugdale Correspondence

Elias Ashmole

© The Trustees of the British Museum

Antiquarian scholar, member of the Royal Society, Windsor herald 1660-75, and from 1668 Dugdale's son-in-law.

Elias Ashmole to William Dugdale, Heralds' Office, 20 April 1657

Describing his observations on his journey home from Rothwell, where he left Dugdale, along Watling Street.

Hamper, 323-7; C.H. Josten, Elias Ashmole, 698-702; Bodleian, MS Ashmole 1142, 130-1


William Dugdale, Blyth Hall to Elias Ashmole, London, 19 August 1667

Concerning the funeral of Francis Leveson.

Hamper, 370-3; C.H. Josten, Elias Ashmole, 1095-98; Bodleian, MS Ashmole 836, 91-4


William Dugdale, Blyth Hall to Elias Ashmole, London, 21 August 1667

Concerning the funeral of Francis Leveson.

Hamper, 374; C.H. Josten, Elias Ashmole, 1098-99; Bodleian, MS Ashmole 836, 95-8


William Dugdale, Blyth Hall to Elias Ashmole, London, 24 August 1667

Concerning the funeral of Francis Leveson and the heralds' attempt to obtain a prize ship.

Hamper, 375-8; C.H. Josten, Elias Ashmole, 1101-04; Bodleian, MS Ashmole 836, 101-4


William Dugdale, Blyth Hall to Elias Ashmole, London, 30 September 1667

Concerning the affairs of the College of Arms.

Hamper, 380-2; C.H. Josten, Elias Ashmole, 1107-9; Bodleian, MS Ashmole 840, 787-8


William Dugdale, Blyth Hall to Elias Ashmole, South Lambeth, 26 February 1677

Suggesting that Ashmole would be a suitable candidate as Garter.

C.H. Josten, Elias Ashmole, 1460-3; Bodleian, MS Ashmole 1131, 370r-v


William Dugdale, Blyth Hall to Elias Ashmole, London, 7 April 1677

Confirming his acceptance of the office and describing his travel plans.

C.H. Josten, Elias Ashmole, 1475-6; Bodleian, MS Ashmole 1131, 372r-v


William Dugdale, London to Elias Ashmole, South Lambeth, 1 June 1677

He has been sworn in as Garter and now wants Ashmole's help in ensuring that he has the correct worded warrant to appoint his deputy.

C.H. Josten, Elias Ashmole, 1483-4; Bodleian, MS Ashmole 1134, 143r-v


William Dugdale, Heralds' Office to Elias Ashmole, South Lambeth, 8 November 1677

Concerning his work on the arms of William of Orange, following his marriage to Princess Mary.

C.H. Josten, Elias Ashmole, 1495-6; Bodleian, MS Ashmole 1134, 149r-v


William Dugdale to Elias Ashmole, London, 7 January 1678

'Good son,

This is to let you know, that I had this evening (besides these inclosed) a Letter from home, which tells me that Sir Henry Archbold, having been at my Lord Digby's buriall on Munday night last weeke, came on Tuesday to see my wife, and to tell her that they expect you at Litchfeild very suddainly in order to your being chosen a Burgesse there; and that there is old (?) drinking your health there. My wife much longs to see you at Blythe hall: but you will by the inclosed see that Sir Henry represents it as a hazardous buisnesse: therefore I cannot advise you to be at a certain great chardge (which I doubt will be the issue of it) upon such an uncertainty in prevailing. God direct you for the best. So prayeth

your most affectionate father in law'.

Bodleian, MS Ashmole 1731, 1


William Dugdale, Heralds' Office to Elias Ashmole, London, 12 January 1678

'Good son,

This is to let you know that these two inclosed Letters came not to my hands till this morning after ten of the clock, I being then in Bed by reason of my cold, which I finde hath so much increast upon me, that I was necessitated to go to Bed at Noone yesterday. I intend therefore to be in the House this day and to morrow, hoping by that meanes to get it off.

As for the Litchfeild buisnesse, that which I understood from you at first, was that the appearance of Sir H. Littleton, and Sir Th: Biddulph for this election (both of them having obtained much interest in the people) had created such animosities, which might tend to further inconveniences in after times, by this division; which to reconcile, there could be no more sure and certain way, then by your appearance. So that (if I much mistake not) you, who otherwise had no minde to the thing, were, on that condition willing to accept of their election of you, which, as I understand, was like to be unanimous.

I perceive by these Letters, that the division is increast, and got to such a height, as that little else but discontents and feuds is like to be the issue of it. If therefore they would be wise for themselves, it were their most prudent course to prevent the mischeife, by casting it upon you; you having not refused to accept thereof upon those termes:but if they have been so wrought upon, and are otherwise engaged, I shall never advise you to run the hazard. Nay, let me tell you, that if it be so, your appearance, and gayning a party, would produce the same unhappy effect amongst the Inhabitants (to whom I know you do heartily wish well) as it is now like to do by their siding with these men. My son talks of going homewards on Munday come sevenight, which will be too late (were he fitt to act for you, which he is not) to appear in this buisnesse. So wishing you good health, with Gods blessing to you & my daughter, I rest

your most affectionate Father in law'.

Bodleian, MS Ashmole 1731, 2

See letters from Sir Henry Archbold and John Stubbs.


William Dugdale to Elias Ashmole, London, 17 January 1678

'Good son,

This inclosed coming to me within this quarter of an houre (it being now about eleven of the clock) I thought fitt to dispatch it to you, to the end you may write this night, if you thinke fitt. I see that Sir Henry Archbold is very cordiall to you. You have time enough to consider what to do, much more being like to appeare before the day of Election. It will be munday the 28th of this month ere the parliament doth meet; and it seems their county=court falls out on Thursday following: so that it will be impossible for a writt to be obtained, after the parliament sitts, and sent down against that day: but tis like they may adjourn their Court for a few days in expectance of the writt. Betwixt this and that time you may heare so much from Litchfeild, as may encourage you to go down: but were I to advise you, I would not stirr unlesse I had a very good assurance, that I were cleerly like to carry it.

My cold sticks still upon me, but I hope tis declining. I am constrayn'd to lye mad in Bed, which I see doth me most good. So praying for Gods blessing to you & my daughter

your most affectionate Father in law'.

Postscript: 'Tell Mary Case that by my Letter this morning from my wife I understand that her kinsman Ned Naylers wife is dead of the small pox, so that I doubt their children (4 in number) will be bothersome to their parish.'

Bodleian, MS Ashmole 1731, 3


William Dugdale, Blyth Hall to Elias Ashmole, London, 2 March 1678

'Good son,

This is to let you know, that we got well to Coventrie on Wednesday, and on Thursday hither (visiting Sir Clement Fisher at dinner) where (God be thanked) we found all very well, and joyfull to heare of your and our Daughter's good health.

My son tells me he hath given you a full account of the buisnesse at Litchfeild. I cannot discern that Sir Henry Archbold was any whit a well wisher to either of the competitors; being sufficiently satisfyed, that his hearty desire were that you should have prevailed: but Mr Rawlyns was the man, who brought it thus about for Sir H. Littleton, and now would excuse himself to you, and others, that it was your own fault that they thus declin'd you. Certainly he hath hereby been instrumentall of a greate deale of unhappinesse amongst them; but by disobliging all the country gentlemen, who do much resent it, that they should be thus neglected, some of them having offred to them their service. Every man that I have heard speake thereof censures them for their folly. Sir Theoph: Biddulph talks of questioning the Returne; but I make a doubt whither his Interest in the House will be of any consequence to him therein.

The evening before I left London, Mr Marsham brought Col: Tomlinson to my lodging (who is seemes upon his Letter, came purposely to London) to speake with me about that buisnesse whereof I told you: but I perceive by what Mr Marsham told me at 8 of the clock, when he came to me again, that he can say nothing as to the place.

Overtons man intends to set out with his waggon on Munday next, and be in London on Saturday by noone or soon after. He brings you two quarts of Mustard-seed and two cheeses; one for your selfe; the other for the Folkes, and a flitch of Bacon.

Forget me not to the Bishop of London; and if he tells you, that my Lord Treasurer hath moved the king, and hath his consent; then I intreat you to sollicite Mr Charles Bertye to get an order for the money. The whole summe is just 300li whereof 180li is chardged by an order on the Hearth money in the time of the Lords Commissioners for the Treasury; and 120li is due to me of my arreare since this man was Lord Tresurer. The certificate for it is all in Mr Brents hand, signed by Sir Robert Howard: and my petition to my Lord Treasurer, which the Bishop of London delivered to him, expresseth the particulars.

So praying for God's blessing to you and my daughter, I rest

Your most affectionate Father in law.'

Bodleian, MS Ashmole 1731, 4


William Dugdale, Blyth Hall to Elias Ashmole, London, 16 August 1684

Concerning non-conformity in Coventry and his wish that a firm hand should be taken by the archdeacons.

C.H. Josten, Elias Ashmole, 1742-3; Bodleian, MS Tanner 131, 119r-v


William Dugdale, Blyth Hall to Elias Ashmole, South Lambeth, 4 February 1686

Concerning the death of Lord Digby and his restoration of the tithes of Over Whitacre.

C.H. Josten, Elias Ashmole, 1812-14; Bodleian, MS Tanner 131, 190r-v