Xmera / Gloucestershire Gentry / Dutton of Sherborne

Dutton of Sherborne


Sir John Dutton (d. 1743)

Thomas (1507-81)

The son of William Dutton, a younger son of the Duttons of Cheshire, and Agnes, daughter of John Conway of Flint, he attended Brasenose College, Oxford. A surveyor of monastic lands in Gloucestershire, he acquired the former monastic manor of Sherborne by purchase in March 1552. He married:

  1. Mary Bigge, daughter of Robert Taylor of Westwell, Oxfordshire, a widow, with 3 sons & 3 daughters by her first marriage
    • Anne married John Warneford of Sevenhampton, Wilts.
    In 1566 Robert and Richard Bigge brought a case in Chancery to recover the manor of Westwell from their stepfather, who with their mother had been executor of their grandfather's will.
  2. Anne (d. 1566), daughter of Stephen Kirton, a London alderman, Merchant Taylor, and merchant of the staple of Calais
    • William - see below
    • Thomas(d. 1615)
      He acquired the manor of Nether Turkdean shortly before his death and left it to his brother William to endow the almhouses he founded in Northleach. His will also provided 200 for the education of his nephew Thomas Salven.
    • Anne married Ralph Salvin of Newbiggin, Yorks. (Her father held Coxwold in the North Riding of Yorkshire.)
      She, her husband and their sons Thomas and Ralph were left legacies by her brother Thomas.
    • Elinor - according to the visitation of Gloucestershire, she also married a Yorkshire gentleman.
      Neither she nor a husband or children are mentioned in her brother Thomas's will.
  3. Margaret, heir of Ralph Johnson, esquire, of London, and widow of John Mayney, esquire, of Biddenden, Kent
    Thomas left Margaret nothing but her legal dower in his will: 'the world knoweth she hath deserved no courtesy or to be remembered'.

By his death Thomas had established the family within the Gloucestershire gentry.


William (1561-1618) Son

William matriculated at Hart Hall, Oxford in 1572. He married Anne, daughter of the London merchant Sir Ambrose Nicholas (1578), who had been lord mayor in 1576.

William served as sheriff in 1590 and was a deputy lieutenant under James I. In 1592 Elizabeth I visited Sherborne on her progress.


John (1594-1657) Son

Known as Crump Dutton on account of his hunchback, John graduated BA from Exeter College, Oxford, in 1612 and subsequently attended the Inner Temple. He married Elizabeth (1606-1638), daughter of Sir Henry Baynton of Bromham, Wiltshire.

He followed his father in becoming a deputy lieutenant, and he represented Gloucestershire in the parliament of 1624-5. Imprisoned in 1627 for opposing the forced loan, he was later active in the opposition to the imposition of ship money. He was again elected to represent Gloucestershire in the Long Parliament. He was a royalist, although his physique prevented him from taking an active part in the conflict.


William (1642-75) Nephew

He was raised in the house of Oliver Cromwell, where his tutor was the poet Andrew Marvell. His uncle made Cromwell his guardian and hoped that William would marry the Protector's daughter Frances. Instead he married Mary, daughter of viscount Scudamore and widow of Thomas Russell esq. (d. 1658), the eldest son of Sir William Russell of Strensham, Worcs (d. 1669). His wife had £7,000 from her first husband. They had no children. William was a JP and served as sheriff in 1667.


Sir Ralph (c.1645-1721) Brother

He married:

  1. Grissel (d. 1678), the daughter of Sir Edmund Poole of Kemble, Wiltshire, their daughter Elizabeth being born in October 1675. She died in February 1678 within days of the baptism of their daughter Grissel (d. 1681).
  2. Mary (1662-1723), the heir of Peter Barwick of London, physician to Charles II, in 1679. Her marriage portion was £10,000
    • John - see below

Sir Ralph purchased a baronetcy in 1678. He represented Gloucestershire in parliament in 1679-81 & 1689-98, but was defeated in 1705. He was a JP and deputy lieutenant and served as colonel of the Green regiment of Gloucestershire foot militia. An extravagant man, by 1710 he was deeply in debt. He made his estate over to his son and took refuge from his creditors in Ireland and in 1716 was obliged to agree to the execution of a special deed to protect his son's marriage settlement. He died in Ireland.


Sir John (1684-1743) Son

He was educated at the Middle Temple at the expense of his maternal grandfather. He married:

  1. Mary (d. 1717), heir of Sir Rushout Cullen of Upton, Warwickshire, with a marriage portion of 12,500.
  2. Mary (d. 1729), the daughter of Francis Keck of Great Tew, Oxfordshire, whose marriage portion was 20,000

He was a colonel in the same militia regiment as his father, served as a JP, and represented Gloucestershire in parliament in 1727-41. By his careful management of his estate Sir John was able to repair much of the damage resulting from his father's depredations. Between 1723 and 1730 he restored the house at Sherborne. His estates passed to his nephew James Lenox Naper of Loughcrew, Meath, on condition that he took the name and arms of Dutton.