Xmera / Gloucestershire Gentry / Throckmorton of Tortworth

Throckmorton of Tortworth and Clearwell

William (d. 1537)

The son of Christopher Throckmorton (d. 1513) and Mary, daughter of Sir John Harley of Herefordshire, William acquired Tortworth through marriage to Margaret, daughter and co-heir of David Mathews of Rayder and his wife, Alice, the daughter and heir of Robert Veel of Tortworth.

Monument to Sir Thomas Throckmorton (d. 1568), Tortworth

Sir Thomas (d. 1568) Son

He was the heir of both his father and his uncle George Throckmorton (d. 1548), whose estate included a lease of the priory and manor of Deerhurst and the manor of Woolstone.

He married Margaret, daughter and co-heir of Thomas Whittington of Pauntley:

MP for Heytesbury, Wilts. in 1547, he was knighted in 1553 and was MP for Westbury, Wilts. in 1555. In Elizabeth's reign he served on the Council of the Marches.

He lived predominantly at Corse Lawn, although he was buried at Tortworth.

Sir Thomas (1539-1607) Son

By 1567 he had marrried Elizabeth (d. c1571), daughter of Sir Edward Rogers of Cannington, Som. by whom he had no children. He subsequently married Ellen, daughter of Sir Richard Berkeley of Stoke Gifford. Ellen was a recusant and the marriage was stormy.

He was a JP, served twice as sheriff (1560-61 and 1587-8), was MP for Gloucestershire in 1589, and was a member of the Council of the Marches. He was knighter in 1587. He had an overbearing and bellicose nature, being described by John Smyth of Nibley as 'that powerful and plottinge gent'. He was bound over to keep the peace towards Sir Thomas Proctor in 1580, accused of provoking a riot against Nicholas Poyntz in 1589, summoned before the privy council in 1590, and in a Star Chamber case in 1602 was fined 2000 marks and disabled from bearing office. He purchased the manor and advowson of Cromhall Ligon in 1596, but sold the site of Deerhurst Priory in 1604. He was buried at Tortworth.

Sir William (1579-1628) Son

He matriculated at University College, Oxford, in 1594. Having inherited his father's combative nature, he fought a duel with Walter Walsh of Little Sodbury. Smyth describes him as devouring his patrimony 'by riot & improvidence'. Shortly after inheriting his estate he had his manors of Tortworth, Charfield, and Cromhall Ligon valued for sale. He sold Tortworth in 1608 and moved to Clearwell in Newland, which he had acquired through his marriage to Cicely (b. 1586), daughter and co-heir of Sir Thomas Baynham:

In 1619 he joined with John Smyth, Richard Berkeley and George Thorpe in sending a ship with 36 men to Virginia, intending to found a new town there. The venture ended in disaster with an Indian massacre in 1622.

After Cicely's death he married Alice Morgan and Sarah Hale/Hall (d. 1636), whom Smyth described as his maids. When Sarah wrote her will she had four children: George, John, Mary and Frances - of whom Mary is named as Mary Throckmorton, the others have no surname.

Despite financial difficulties which led to the sale of other manors, he paid to become a baronet in 1611. He was buried at Newland.

Sir Baynham (1606-1664) Son

He was educated at the Inner Temple and around 1628 he married Margaret (d. 1635), daughter of Robert Hopton of Witham, Somerset, and sister of Ralph, Lord Hopton. He developed the family's interests in the Forest of Dean, while disposing of further property in the north of the county. By 1634 he was chief forester in the Forest of Dean and in 1636 was included in the grant of a 21 year lease of the ironworks. In 1637 he conveyed his estate to trustees for the payment of his debts. A Royalist in the civil war, he was MP for Gloucestershire from 1661 until his death. He was buried at St Margaret's, Westminster. Only the eldest of his 5 sons survived to marry and have children.

Sir Baynham (1629-1681) Son

He was educated at Lincoln's Inn and in 1652 married Mary (d. 1666), the heir of Giles Garton of Billinghurst, Sussex:

In 1669 he married Katherine, the daughter of Piers Edgcumbe of Mount Edgcumbe, Devon:

He was MP for Gloucestershire 1656-8, Wootton Basset, Wilts. in 1660 and for Gloucestershire 1664-1679. Knighted at the Restoration, he became a gentleman of the privy chamber and deputy warden of the Forest of Dean.

Sir William (1658-1682) Cousin

He was educated at Christ Church, Oxford and the Inner Temple. He was killed in a duel in 1682 and the baronetcy became extinct.